Salman Rushdie utilizes the characters of Shame as emblematic representations for Pakistan. Rushdie does not entirely condemn Pakistan, but he argues that the blame for Pakistan’s problems rests on their corrupt leaders who supported the violent repression of difference. Perhaps, he muses, Pakistan was just a miracle that could never work. He says, ―Pakistan, the peeling, fragmented, palimpsest, increasingly at war with itself, may be described as a failure of the dreaming mind….Or perhaps the place was just insufficiently imagined, a picture full of irreconcilable elements, midriff baring immigrant saris versus demure, indigenous Sindhi shalwar-kurtas, Urdu versus Punjabi, now versus then: a miracle that went wrong(Rushdie,86). By telling the story of a nation which has been destroyed by its singular vision of a homogenized culture, Rushdie warns his audience to avoid these pitfalls. The author explains the significance of the maternal influences, which supply a foundation for Pakistan’s history. Rushdie emphasizes and analyzes the women in the novel. Rushdie uses allegory in Shame, claiming that a realistic text would cause the novel to be banned and burned. (Rushdie, 2) The female stories, marginal in Pakistani history, "explain, and even subsume, the men's" narratives in Shame (Rushdie, 189).

  1. Prehistoric-Pakistan
  2. Political History in Pakistan
  3. Political Timeline
  4. The Story of Pakistan
  5. Map of Pakistan
  6. Facts & Figures on Pakistan
  7. Wikipedia History of Pakistan
  8. BBC's Pakistan's circular history
  9. Asia Society Pakistan History
  10. Partition of India
  11. Shame Family Tree
  12. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
  13. Benazir Bhutto
  14. General Mohammed Zia ul-Haq
      1. Characters of Shame as emblematic representations for Pakistan
        1. Reference Materials
          1. Salman Rushdie: Reading the Postcolonial Texts in the Era of Empire
          3. Fragmented Realities in Salman Rushdie's Shame
          4. The Politics of Post-Colonial Identity in Salman Rushdie
          5. East / West: Salman Rushdie and Hybridity
          6. The Novels of Salman Rushdie: Mediated Reality as Fantasy
          7. The Active Reading of Shame
          8. Salman Rushdie: Reading the Postcolonial Texts in the
            Era of Empire
          9. The Liminalities of Nation and Gender: Salman Rushdie's "Shame"
          10. The Cream of the Crop: Female Characters in
            Salman Rushdie's Shame
          11. Unravelling Sharam: Narrativisation as a political act in Salman Rushdie's
          12. The Political Context of Shame